Greatest American Painters

Robert Alan Thom (1915 – 1979)

Posted by M.R.N. on September 19, 2012

Papyrus And Pictography

Medicine In Ancient Egypt


Galen of Pergamon

Chinese Block Printing

Charlemagne And The Monastic Scribes

Medieval Hospitals

Johannes Gutenberg And Moveable Type

Nicolas Jenson Engraving

Aldus Manutius


Antonie von Leeuwenhoek

Giovanni Battista Morgagni And Pathologic Anatomy

Benjamin Franklin

John Morgan And The First Hospital Pharmacy In Colonial America, Pennsylvania Hospital

Edward Jenner

Lord Charles Stanhope And Stereotyping

Andrew Craigie, America’s First Apothecary General

William Blake Drawing

Alois Senefelder And Litography

René Laennec And The Stethoscope

William Procter jr., The Father Of American Pharmacy

Louis Pasteur

William Morris

Tolbert Lanston And The Monotype

Ottmar Merganthaler And The Linotype

Frederic E. Ives And The Half-Tone Process

Frederic W. Goudy And Typography

George P. Gordon And The Platen Press

Ira Rubel And The Offset Press

The Mighty Babe


Cougar In Antimony Canyon, Utah


3 Responses to “Robert Alan Thom (1915 – 1979)”

  1. Bruce said

    This fellow was definitely into physicians, pharmacists, and printers!

    Hippocrates – an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

    Galen of Pergamon – a prominent ancient Roman (of Greek ethnicity) physician, surgeon and philosopher.

    Charlemagne (742-814) and the Monastic Scribes – a part of Charlemagne’s success as warrior and administrator can be traced to his admiration for learning. His reign and the era it ushered in are often referred to as the Carolingian Renaissance because of the flowering of scholarship, literature, art, and architecture . . . [he also] greatly increased the provision of monastic schools and scriptoria (centres for book-copying).

    Johannes Gutenberg (1398-1468) – was the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439. Among his many contributions to printing are: the invention of a process for mass-producing movable type; the use of oil-based ink; and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the agricultural screw presses of the period.

    Nicolas Jenson (1420 – 1480) – is an important figure in the early history of printing and a pivotal force in the emergence of Venice as one of the first great centers of the printing press.

    Aldus Manutius (1449-1515) – an Italian humanist who became a printer and publisher when he founded the Aldine Press at Venice. His publishing legacy includes the distinctions of inventing italic type, establishing the modern use of the semicolon, developing the modern appearance of the comma, and introducing inexpensive books in small formats bound in vellum that were read much like modern paperbacks.

    Paracelsus (1493-1541) – a German-Swiss Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist. He is also credited for giving zinc its name, calling it zincum, and is regarded as the first systematic botanist.

    Antonie von Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) – is best known for his work on the improvement of the microscope and for his contributions towards the establishment of microbiology.

    Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) – an Italian anatomist, celebrated as the father of modern anatomical pathology (the scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences).

    Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) – was a leading author, PRINTER, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. And ladies’ man. 😉

    John Morgan (1735–1789) – co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America; and he served as the second “Chief Physician & Director General” of the Continental Army (an early name for the U.S. Army Surgeon General). He also founded the American Philosophical Society in 1766 in Philadelphia.

    Edward Jenner (1749-1823) – an English physician and scientist from Berkeley, Gloucestershire, who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine. He is often called “the father of immunology.”

    Lord Charles Stanhope (1753-1816) – radical English politician and noted experimental scientist. He invented two calculating machines; a kind of printing press and a microscope lens, both of which bear his name; a steam carriage; a variety of cement much more durable than ordinary mortar; and an artificial slate, or tile. He also invented the stereotyping machine (a metal printing plate cast from a matrix molded from a raised printing surface, such as type).

    Andrew Craigie – Boston apothecary and the first American Apothecary General. Reporting to George Washington, his duties included procurement, storage, manufacture, and distribution of the Army’s drug requirements.

    William Blake (1757-1827) – an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of both the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age.

    Alois Senefelder (1771-1834) – a German actor and playwright who invented the printing technique of lithography (a method for printing using a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a completely smooth surface).

    René Laennec (1781-1826) – invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker and pioneered its use in diagnosing various chest conditions.

    William Procter, Jr. – often described as “the father of American pharmacy,” was a professor at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy (the first college of pharmacy in the nation) from 1846–1874 as well as serving as an officer of the board. He and Daniel B. Smith were instrumental in the founding of the American Pharmaceutical Association, the national professional society of pharmacists, which was founded and organized in Philadelphia in 1852.

    Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) – is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization.

    William Morris (1834-1896) – founded the Kelmscott Press at Hammersmith, London, in order to produce books by traditional methods, using, as far as possible, the printing technology and typographical style of the fifteenth century. In this he was reflecting the tenets of the Arts and Crafts movement, and responding to the mechanisation and mass-production of contemporary book-production methods and to the rise of lithography, particularly those lithographic prints designed to look like woodcuts.

    Tolbert Lanston (1844-1913) – was the American founder of Monotype, inventing a mechanical typesetting system patented in 1887 and the first hot metal typesetter a few years later.

    Ottmar Merganthaler (1854-1899) – was a German-born inventor who has been called a second Gutenberg because of his invention of the Linotype machine, the first device that could easily and quickly set complete lines of type for use in printing presses. This machine revolutionized the art of printing.

    Frederic E. Ives (1856–1937) was a pioneer in the field of color photography. Ives is sometimes referred to as “the” inventor of the halftone process, but this is incorrect and Ives never made such a claim for himself. Halftone processes allow photographs, complete with their “half-tone” intermediate shades of gray or color, to be reproduced in ink on paper by means of a printing press, like text. Prior to such processes, images were printed in books and periodicals by means of hand-engraved metal plates or wood blocks, or from drawings made on lithographic stones. Ives simplified the halftone process, making it more efficient and therefore commercially successful.

    Frederic W. Goudy (1865 – 1947) was a prolific American type designer whose typefaces include Copperplate Gothic, Kennerly, and Goudy Old Style.

    George P. Gordon (1810 – 1878) was an American inventor, printer and businessman who developed the basic design of the most common printing press ever, the Gordon Letterpress.

    Ira Rubel – offset printing is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred (or “offset”) from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. Development of the offset press came in two versions: in 1875 by Robert Barclay of England for printing on tin, and in 1903 by Ira Washington Rubel of the United States for printing on paper.

    Babe Ruth (1895-1948) – The Yankees faced the Chicago Cubs in the 1932 World Series. During Game 3 of the series, after having already homered, Ruth hit what has now become known as Babe Ruth’s Called Shot. During the at-bat, Ruth supposedly gestured to the deepest part of the park in center-field, predicting a home run. The ball he hit traveled past the flagpole to the right of the scoreboard and ended up in temporary bleachers just outside Wrigley Field’s outer wall. It was Ruth’s last Series homer (and his last Series hit), and it became one of the legendary moments of baseball history. [Whether he actually made the gesture is still debated, however.]

    • Suzay Lamb said

      For the sake of completeness:

      Cougar (puma concolor), also known as puma or mountain lion, is a mammal of the family Felidae, native to the Americas…

      Great, as always 🙂

  2. o1p2f said

    Paracelsus (1493-1541) – a German-Swiss Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist. He is also credited for giving zinc its name, calling it zincum, and is regarded as the first systematic botanist.

    The tomb of Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim, the celebrated Paracelsus, can be found in the entrance passage to the cemetery attached to St. Sebastian Church, in Salzburg (Linzer Gasse 41).

    I was there.. ☺


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